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The Science Curriculum at St Thomas


At St Thomas’, we deliver an ambitious knowledge-based science curriculum that aims to inspire pupils’ curiosity and equip them with the foundations for understanding the world through a scientific lens. Pupils will be encouraged to use the knowledge they learn in Science and apply it to investigations that test a theory or set out to answer a question.


Our curriculum also offers opportunities for all pupils to:

  • develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding in all areas of science
  • learn about people who have made significant contributions to the field of science, understanding the implications that science has had on the past, present and will continue to have in the future
  • Gather information, record data, graph data and interpret findings. These are essential skills that pupils will apply to new contexts as they work through the curriculum.
  • Make enquiries including observing over time, pattern seeking, identifying, classifying and grouping

The science curriculum builds upon knowledge incrementally in a carefully sequenced curriculum, with opportunities to make links within and across year groups and in other subject areas, all whilst ensuring that reading and vocabulary is at the heart of all lessons.

Pupils develop an understanding of key substantive concepts (the human body, plants, classification, properties, materials, forces and habitats) that act as threads throughout our progressive science curriculum from the beginning to the end of the pupils’ primary education.




Timetabling Science – Science is taught in Key Stage One once a week for an hour and in Key Stage Two for an hour and fifteen minutes.


Structure of lesson:


All children will take part in a short task where they will be required to retrieve previously gained knowledge. The children may have acquired this knowledge in a previous lesson, unit of work or even a previous year group. This task is designed to strengthen all our pupils’ memories of key knowledge, enabling them to permanently remember and make progress across the curriculum.


All children will be introduced to key vocabulary (STAR words) at the beginning of every lesson. They will be challenged to learn the meaning of these words and apply them correctly during the lesson. Teachers will provide children with actions to match each of these words, to support the children in remembering them.


The teacher will share the core knowledge for the lesson with the children. This is an opportunity for children to listen to and understand the new information.

Partner Talk:

Children will work with a partner to complete a short task or discuss new information. Children will be expected to apply their understanding of the new information taught (they may even use the STAR words).

Independent/Group Task:

The children will sometimes work independently on a task or as part of a small group. These tasks may vary between the planning of investigations, the write up of results from these investigations or the practical task itself. These tasks may require the children to apply everything they have learned or apply their newly acquired skills.


In all lessons, our children will read. This can be incorporated into any aspect of the lesson. Children will read a range of texts, from information texts to online glossaries and blogs. We believe reading is the key to all learning, so have made reading a priority in lessons.

Use of resources – Science lead and class teachers are to ensure that they have all of the required resources to teach every lesson. This may include: quality resources or teacher knowledge textbooks. Teachers to discuss with science lead if any extra resources are required.

Reading – It is the teachers’ responsibility to source a range of quality texts around the current unit. These may be referred to in the lesson or in the learning environment for children to access independently. These text choices should be annotated on planning.

Books – All lessons are to have a printed label including: date, knowledge objective and knowledge goals. Retrieval tasks are to be completed and stuck under lesson title when necessary. Teachers should have high expectations of presentation.

Assessment – Assessment of science should continuously be used to inform teaching. Retrieval tasks should be used to address gaps in pupils’ knowledge. Teachers should assess children on knowledge goals after every lesson (a tick against each goal if a child has achieved). If a child has achieved a Step for Depth, teacher should mark with two ticks.

Whiteboard – All STAR words are to be displayed on the interactive whiteboard, along with those from previous lessons, and any other key information. This key information should be referred to in lessons and pupils should use them to aid learning.



By the end of KS1, our pupils will:

Ask simple questions and recognise that they can be answered in different ways

Observe closely, using simple equipment

Perform simple tests

Identify and classify

Use observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions

Gather and record data to help answer questions

Be able to identify, name, label and draw the basic parts of the human body (Y1)

Be able to identify which part of the body is associated with each sense (Y1)

Understand what an animal is and how animals can be grouped by their features and what they eat (Y1)

Know that our bodies, including our muscles and bones, need exercise to stay healthy (Y2)

Know our digestive system takes nutrients from food to help us stay healthy. (Y2)

Know that keeping clean stops germs from spreading and keeps us healthy. (Y2)

Know what a habitat is and how animals and plants are adapted to living in them (Y2)


By the end of KS2, our pupils will:

Ask relevant questions and use different types of scientific enquiries to answer them.

Be able to set up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests.

Make systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, taking accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers.

Gather, record, classify and present data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions.

Record findings using simple scientific language, drawings, labelled diagrams, keys, bar charts, and tables.

Report on findings from enquiries, including oral and written explanations, displays or presentations of results and conclusions.

Use results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions.

Identify differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes.

Use straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings.

Will be able to describe one of the many systems in our body. (Y3)

Know that there are cycles in nature (Y3)

Will be able to design a balanced meal and explain digestion (Y4)

Know that plants and animals can be classified according to characteristics (y4)

Show understanding of the human reproductive and endocrine system and their role in human development. (Y5)

Know that materials have properties that include solubility. To know how to separate mixtures and that changes are reversible or irreversible (Y5)

Will understand that the blood circulates throughout the body, gaining oxygen in the lungs and that it is the heart that pumps the blood around (Y6)

Be able to classify animals based on specific characteristics and give reasons. (Y6)

  • St Thomas Church of England Primary School,
  • Kenyons Lane, Lydiate, Liverpool, Merseyside, L31 0BP
  • E:
  • T: 0151 531 9955